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Hypnosis Glossary

Age regression - Technique used in hypnosis to guide a person back to an earlier point in life, often to recall forgotten memories or emotions.

Alpha state - Light state of meditation or relaxation characterized by relaxed brain waves. One of the levels of trance hypnosis aims to achieve.


Amnesia - Loss of memory. Hypnotic amnesia can be created through suggestion to forget events that happened under hypnosis.


Amnesia barrier - Suggestion given to prevent memories of hypnosis session after emerging from trance state.


Anchoring - Process of associating a particular sensation or touch with a desired emotional state. Anchors can then be used to quickly re-access that resourceful state.


Auditory suggestion - Hypnotic suggestion delivered through spoken words. One of the main channels used for hypnotic communication.


Auto-suggestion - Process of giving oneself suggestions for change or improvement. A method of self-hypnosis.


Catalepsy - Bodily immobility or fixed position created through hypnosis. Often seen in stage hypnosis.


Cataleptic bridge - Induction method using catalepsy, such as arm levitation, to deepen hypnotic trance.


Challenge test - Suggestion or test given to demonstrate the level of trance response, such as inability to open eyes or move limbs.


Chunking - Method of grouping concepts or steps together into one unit or thought in hypnosis. Used to simplify instructions.


Circular questions - Type of ambiguous or metaphorical question used to encourage inner search for solutions. Tool of indirect hypnosis.


Cold induction - Rapid hypnotic induction done without relaxation or progressive steps.


Conditioning - Process of learning new associations and responses. Hypnosis can use conditioning techniques to create new habits or beliefs.


Confusion technique - Indirect hypnosis method using confusion to bypass conscious resistance and absorb therapeutic instructions.


Deep trance identification - Hypnotic phenomenon where person takes on identity or abilities of a suggested person or archetype.


Dissociation - Mental separation from physical senses or environment. Hypnotic trance involves dissociation from external stimuli.


Double bind - Verbal pattern setting up two options, both leading to same outcome. Used in indirect hypnosis.


Ego state - Concept in NLP of consistent state of mind and personal outlook based on past history. Useful for regression in hypnosis.


Ego strengthening - Suggestions to boost self-confidence, self-esteem and mental fortitude. Common goal of hypnosis.


Erickson Milton Model - Language patterns and therapeutic techniques originated by Milton Erickson. Hallmarks of indirect hypnosis.


Eye fixation - Common induction method using visual focus on object to develop trance state by fixation of attention.


Eye flutter - Rapid blinking or fluttering of eyelids, often in response to hypnotic suggestions signaling trance state.


Fractionation - Induction approach using repeated, brief hypnotic episodes to deepen trance response over time.


Fractionation technique - Method of interspersing trance with conversation or activity to build hypnotic response.


Fusion - Hypnotic phenomenon of senses blending together, such as hearing colors or seeing sounds. Sign of trance depth.


Future pacing - Visualization process to mentally rehearse goals and outcomes as already achieved. Reinforces change.


Gustatory suggestion - Hypnotic suggestion using the sense of taste. May improve food enjoyment or assist with imaginal feast.


Guided imagery - Hypnosis technique using calm visual and sensory guidance to imagine desired outcomes. Aids relaxation and change.


Habit change - Common goal of hypnosis, using suggestion and visualization to replace undesired behaviors with preferred ones.


Hand levitation - Common hypnotic induction using imagined or suggested sensations of hand rising. Sign of ideomotor response.


Hand signal - Method of nonverbal communication with hypnotist through finger signals in trance state.


Hypnagogic state - Natural state of melancholy between wakefulness and sleep. Similar mental patterns to hypnosis.


Hypnotic induction - Process of inducing trance state through focus, relaxation or other hypnotic techniques.


Ideodynamic signal - Involuntary muscle movements in response to hypnotic ideas. Hand levitation as sign of trance.


Ideomotor response - Subconscious physical reactions to hypnotic ideas, seen as automatic movements.


Ideoplasty - Hypnosis technique using visualization and imagined sensations to improve body functions.


Ideovisual suggestion - Hypnotic instructions using mental imagery. Combination of visualization and suggestion.


Imagery - See guided imagery.


Imagery rehersal - Process of mentally picturing successful performance to program improved responses.


Indirect suggestion - Metaphor, story or riddle used to bypass resistance and convey therapeutic message.


Inhibition - Diminished emotional response, voluntary action or thought process during hypnosis. Sign of trance state.


Kinesthetic anchoring - Anchor created by touch or physical pressure to access resources.


Kinesthetic suggestion - Suggestions using sense of touch, pressure or body awareness as hypnotic channel.


Meta-program - Neuro-Linguistic Programming term for habitual thinking pattern that shapes behavior and personality.


Metaphor - Symbolic story, analogy or imagery used to convey indirect hypnotic meaning.


Mindfulness - Focusing awareness on present moment experience. Hypnotic practice to manage thoughts.


Motivation - Increased drive and determination. Common goal of hypnosis reinforced through suggestion.


Negative suggestion - Suggestion for removal of unwanted thought patterns, habits or behaviors.


NLP (Neuro-Linguistic Programming) - Influential model of psychology and communication emphasizing mind-body connection. Overlaps with hypnotherapy.


Non-verbal communication - Cues like body language, voice tone, pacing and rhythm conveying hypnotic messages alongside words.


Olfactory suggestion - Use of imagined or real smells to enhance hypnotic experience. Linked to memories.


Open loop - Incomplete thought or story leaving mind searching for resolution. Tool of indirect hypnosis to absorb suggestions.


Pacing - Matching and mirroring speech and behavior to build rapport. Hypnotic technique to lead subjects.


Pain management - Use of hypnosis to reduce or manage chronic or acute pain through distraction, imagery or dissociation.


Past life regression - Hypnosis technique guiding subjects to imagine themselves in a previous life to uncover buried lessons or traumas.


Performance enhancement - Use of hypnosis to improve performance through boosted confidence, motivation and mental rehearsal.


Phobia - Irrational fear response. Hypnosis can reframe phobic response and dissociate stimulus from fear reaction.


Post-hypnotic suggestion - Suggestion given during trance state to be carried out after emerging from hypnosis.


Power pose - Adopting assertive, confident physical posture and mental attitude to build motivation.


Psycho-somatic - Mind-body effect. Psychosomatic illness influenced by mental factors. Hypnosis can help change stress responses.


Rapport - Feelings of trust and harmony facilitating communication. Essential between hypnotist and subject for success.


Rapport loop - Sequence of pacing behaviors in a loop to build hypnotic rapport.


Reframing - Changing perspective or meaning attached to circumstance. Hypnotic technique to resolve issues.


Regression - Hypnosis technique to return to and relive an earlier life event to uncover repressed memories or insights.


Relaxation - Feeling of physical and mental calm. Hypnosis typically begins by relaxation methods.


Relaxation bridge - Deepener linking relaxation to hypnotic response through progressive steps.


Resistance - Conscious or unconscious blocking of hypnotic process due to disbelief, fear or control issues.


Resistance indicator - Signs such as laughter, talking, fidgeting showing hypnotic resistance.


Safety signal - Gesture, touch or phrase ensuring hypnosis subject can return from trance at any time.


Script - Written text with sequence of hypnotic language patterns and instructions for inductions, deepeners and therapy.


Self-esteem - Confidence in one's worth and abilities. Hypnosis can build self-esteem through positive suggestion.


Self-hypnosis - Process of guiding oneself into trance state through auto-suggestion and hypnotic techniques.


Sleep improvement - Use of hypnosis to overcome insomnia through imagery, relaxation and lifestyle changes.


Smoking cessation - Hypnosis to reduce nicotine cravings and promote healthy choices through new associations and identity.


Somnambulism - Deep hypnotic state where subject appears asleep but can interact with hypnotist.


Stacking anchors - Process of linking several touch or sensory anchors together to create a new gestalt anchor.


Subliminal suggestion - Hypnotic instructions delivered below threshold of conscious awareness. Controversial technique.


Suggestibility test - Preliminary test to measure responsiveness to hypnotic suggestions. Assesses proneness to hypnosis.


Suggestion - Verbal or nonverbal instruction for desired thoughts, images, feelings or behaviors to influence subconscious mind.


Submodalities - NLP term for sensory qualities of mental representations: visual, auditory, kinesthetic etc.


Superconscious mind - In hypnotherapy, part of mind housing intuition, inspiration and spiritual awareness.


Swing - Smooth rhythmic motion or rocking used to induce hypnotic trance in subjects.


Time distortion - Altered perception of time under hypnosis. Used for amnesia or age regression.


Trance logic - Acceptance of logic unique to hypnotic state. Basis for response to unlikely suggestions.


Trance logic violation - Test deliberately violating trance logic to assess depth of hypnotic response.


Trigger - Stimulus that automatically elicits response due to past conditioning. Used in hypnotherapy.


Unconscious mind - Level of mind containing memories, learned behaviors and autonomic functions. Active in hypnosis.


Uptime - In NLP, fully alert and functional state accessing thinking skills and capabilities. Contrasts with trance.


Utilization - Making use of client's behaviors and feedback to positively direct hypnotic experience.


Visualization - Mental imagery used in hypnosis to rehearse goals and program positive outcomes.


Visualization script - Written sequence of sensory instructions guiding subject through process of creative visualization.


Waking hypnosis - Induction performed superficially without obvious trance state for covert change. Also known as alert trance.


Waking suggestion - Post-hypnotic suggestion given as client is emerging from trance state for activation later.


Weight loss - Hypnosis techniques to reshape attitude toward food, increase motivation and commitment for weight reduction.


Yes set - Sequence of simple requests prompting positive responses to build compliance. Induction tool.


Zone of proximal development - Level just beyond current skill requiring support to achieve. Analog of hypnotic trance.

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